This topic has been under the discussion for more than a decade now. But no significant development has been made yet, to tackle the energy crisis in the country. The matter of balancing Pakistan’s supply against the demand remains the ‘unresolved matter’.
The problem has taken a toll on the economy of Pakistan which is sinking day by day due to shutdown of industries on a large scale. Electricity shortage has not only adversely affected the industrial sector but on the domestic level too. Electricity generation in Pakistan has shrunk by 50% in the recent years due to the over reliance on the hydroelectric power.Pakistan was hit by worst power crisis in 2007 after the assassination of Benazir Bhutto. In 2008, availability of power run short of population’s needs by 15%. The difference between the demand and supply has been continuously increasing each year. Electricity – total installed capacity: 19,505 MW (2007) Electricity – Sources (2007)
fossil fuel – 12,580 MW – 65% of total
hydro – 6,463 MW – 33% of total
nuclear – 462 MW – 2% of total
Electricity – production: 88.42 TWh (2005)
Electricity – production by source (2003)
fossil fuel: 63.7% of total
hydro: 33.9% of total
nuclear: 2.4% of total
The major reason behind Pakistan’s poor power generation is the political instability and the exponentially increasing demand for power and lack of efficiency. No significant solution to the problem has yet been found and it continues to torment the citizens as power supply is one of the basic necessities in this era of modern technology. Power blackouts and load shedding(deliberate blackouts) are common in every area around Pakistan especially the major cities. Wapda and KESC fail to tackle the problem that exposes the failure of the system of the state.
If government is really serious in solving the problem, Pakistan will eradicate the load shedding completely by the year 2016, but only if they’re really determined to do so. But as per the current scenario, the government seems reluctant to accept their ignorance on such a humongous problem.