Business

Risk Analysis: A Clear View of the Risks in Your Company   

Risk Analysis


As an employer, you are obliged to protect your employees with the help of a dynamic risk management system. It starts with the general risk analysis that leads to the risk prevention measures. But what exactly does such an analysis entail?  

What is a risk analysis?

As an employer, you need to protect your employees so that they can work safely and their wellbeing and health are guaranteed. For this reason, you use a dynamic risk management system. 

The basic elements of this system include the risk analysis and the resulting risk prevention measures. The risk analysis implies that you as the employer systematically and continuously pay attention to hazards and risk factors. You will analyze specific work processes and work situations with the aim of identifying risks and taking preventive measures.  

Is a risk analysis compulsory? 

According to the Belgian Code of Wellbeing at Work, you as an employer have an obligation to avoid dangerous working conditions and to take measures to protect your employees. You must use a dynamic risk management system to ensure a structured and planned risk prevention concept.  

In doing so, you take into account the nature of the activities in your company and the specific risks associated with the activities of certain groups of employees.  

EXAMPLE

Bart is the manager of an accountant’s office. The risks with which he has to do in his company are limited and mainly relate to the area of ​​VDU work. Jacques, Eric’s brother, works as a prevention advisor for a petrochemical company. The risks Jacques is confronted with are of a completely different nature. Jacques will therefore focus his risk analysis on the specific risks involved in working with chemical substances.

Who is responsible for a risk analysis?

The risk analysis is the responsibility of the employer and line management, supported by internal and external service for risk prevention and protection in the workplace. The prevention advisors in these services have an advisory and coordinating role. 

Companies from groups C and D are usually supported in risk analysis by the external service for risk prevention and protection at work, unless the risk prevention advisor has additional safety training of the 1st or 2nd level. The employer then carries out the risk analysis himself, but the external service helps him with it.  

Risk analysis is a dynamic process that you must continuously track and adjust. For example, when tasks change, you start up other machines, introduce weekend or night shifts, create home office jobs, etc.    

Continuous risk analysis means the following advantages for you: careful monitoring, compliance with your legal obligations and no nasty surprises.  

How do you perform a risk analysis? 

The risk analysis consists of these sequential steps:  

  • Identify the dangers to the wellbeing of your workers in the performance of their work. 
  • Determination and specification of the risks. 
  • Evaluation of the risks. 

The risk analysis must answer the following questions: 

  • What are the risks?  
  • Who can be affected? 
  • What action do you need to take? 
  • What are the priorities?  
  • Are the control measures sufficient?  

You carry out the risk analysis on three levels:  

  • At the level of the organization as a whole 
  • At the level of each group of jobs or functions 
  • At the level of the individual. 

The risk prevention measures to be taken result from the risk analysis. You define these in a general risk prevention plan. 

Checklist

Scurve Solutions, quantitative risk assessment services provider, advises you to proceed gradually and systematically in order to ensure care and completeness. The risk analysis and the elaboration of the risk prevention measures can then consist of the following five steps: 

Step 1: identify the dangers 

  • Check for each workplace which hazards could cause damage or injuries. 

Step 2: determine the risks  

  • Determine the risk factors for harm or injury, and investigate the underlying causes.  
  • Determine who the risk applies to (organization / group / individual). 

Step 3: assess the risks 

  • Weigh the risks according to their scope and assess to what extent they are acceptable. 

Step 4: Eliminate or Reduce the Risks 

  • Determine whether you can eliminate the hazard or how the risk can be controlled with hazard prevention measures.  
  • Assign priorities for the preventive measures that have yet to be taken. Define the planning and implementation of the measures in the general risk prevention plan and in the annual action plan. 

Step 5: Assess the residual risk 

  • Weigh up the (foreseeable) remaining dangers according to their scope and assess to what extent they are acceptable.
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